What is the strategy for the Made in China 2025 plan?
Made in China 2025 is the first ten-year action plan of the Chinese government to implement the strategy of manufacturing a strong country.
"Made in China 2025" proposes to adhere to the basic policy of "innovation drives quality first, green development, structural optimization, and talent-oriented", adhere to "market-led, government-led, based on the current, long-term, overall advancement, key breakthroughs, independent "Development, open cooperation" basic principles, through "three steps" to achieve the strategic goal of manufacturing power: the first step, into the second step of the ranks of manufacturing power by 2025, by 2035, China's manufacturing industry as a whole reached the world's manufacturing power camp The third step of the intermediate level, when the new China was founded a hundred years ago, its comprehensive strength entered the forefront of world manufacturing powers.
Focusing on the strategic goal of achieving a strong manufacturing country, "Made in China 2025" clarified 9 strategic tasks and priorities, and proposed 8 areas of strategic support and guarantee.
On April 6, 2016, Premier Li Keqiang of the State Council presided over an executive meeting of the State Council, which adopted the "Planning for Standardization and Quality Improvement of Equipment Manufacturing Industry" and requested "Made in China 2025". On July 19, the executive meeting of the State Council deployed to create a "Made in China 2025 national demonstration zone." Experts pointed out that "Made in China 2025" was raised to the national level, an upgrade from previous urban trials.
State Council issues notice on "Made in China 2025"
The general structure of "one two three four five fifty"
"One" is the transformation from a manufacturing power to a manufacturing power, and finally to achieve a goal of a manufacturing power.
"Two" is to achieve this goal through the integration of the two industries. The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed to use the in-depth integration of informatization and industrialization to lead and drive the development of the entire manufacturing industry, which is also a commanding height for China's manufacturing industry.
The "three" is to adopt a strategy of "three steps". Generally, each step takes about ten years to achieve China's goal of transforming from a large manufacturing country to a strong manufacturing country.
"Four" is the determination of four principles. The first principle is market-led and government-led. The second principle is to be both current and long-term. The third principle is comprehensive advancement and key breakthroughs. The fourth principle is independent development and win-win cooperation.
"Five Five" means there are two "Five". The first is to have five principles, namely innovation-driven, quality first, green development, structural optimization and talent-oriented. Another "five" is the implementation of five major projects, including the construction of manufacturing innovation centers, projects to strengthen the foundation, intelligent manufacturing projects, green manufacturing projects, and high-end equipment innovation projects.
"Ten" is ten major fields, including the new generation of information technology industry, high-end CNC machine tools and robots, aerospace equipment, marine engineering equipment and high-tech ships, advanced rail transportation equipment, energy-saving and new energy vehicles, power equipment, and agricultural machinery equipment , New materials, biomedicine and high-performance medical devices.
A main line
"Made in China 2025" is a digital networked intelligent manufacturing that embodies the deep integration of information technology and manufacturing technology.
Four major changes
The first is from factor-driven to innovation-driven transformation; the second is from low-cost competitive advantages to quality-effective competitive advantages; the third is from extensive manufacturing with large resource consumption and large pollutant emissions to green manufacturing; Service-oriented manufacturing transformation.
Five major projects
The first is the construction project of the manufacturing innovation center (industrial technology research base); the second is the intelligent manufacturing project; the third is the industrial strong foundation project; the fourth is the green manufacturing project; the fifth is the new high-end equipment project.
1. Improve national manufacturing innovation capabilities
2. Promote the deep integration of informatization and industrialization
3． Strengthening industrial basic capabilities
4． Strengthen quality brand building
5． Full implementation of green manufacturing
6. Vigorously promote breakthrough development in key areas
7. Deepening the adjustment of manufacturing structure
8. Actively develop service-oriented manufacturing and productive services
9. Improve the level of international development of manufacturing
1. Next-generation information technology industry
Integrated circuits and special equipment. Efforts will be made to improve the level of integrated circuit design, continuously enrich intellectual property (IP) and design tools, break through the core general-purpose chips that are related to the development of national information and network security and the electronics industry, and improve the application adaptability of domestic chips. Master high-density packaging and three-dimensional (3D) micro-assembly technology to enhance the independent development capability of the packaging industry and testing. Form the supply capacity of key manufacturing equipment.
Information communication equipment. Master core technologies such as new-type computing, high-speed interconnection, advanced storage, and systematic security assurance, and comprehensively break through fifth-generation mobile communication (5G) technology, core routing and switching technology, ultra-high-speed large-capacity intelligent optical transmission technology, and "future network" core technologies And architecture, and actively promote the development of quantum computing and neural networks. Develop high-end servers, large-capacity storage, new-type routing and switching, new-type intelligent terminals, new-generation base stations, and network security to promote the systematic development and large-scale application of core information and communication equipment.
Operating system and industrial software. Develop industrial basic software such as operating systems in the security field. Breakthrough core technologies of high-end industrial software such as intelligent design and simulation and its tools, manufacturing Internet of Things and services, and industrial big data processing, develop independent and controllable high-end industrial platform software and application software in key areas, and establish and improve industrial software integration standards and security assessments system. Promote the systematic development and industrial application of independent industrial software.
2.High-end CNC machine tools and robots
High-end CNC machine tools. Develop a batch of precision, high-speed, high-efficiency, flexible CNC machine tools, basic manufacturing equipment and integrated manufacturing systems. Accelerate the development of cutting-edge technologies and equipment such as high-end CNC machine tools and additive manufacturing. Focusing on improving reliability and maintaining accuracy, the company will develop high-end numerical control systems, servo motors, bearings, light barriers and other major functional components and key application software to accelerate industrialization. Strengthen the construction of user process verification capabilities.
Robot. Focusing on the application needs of industrial robots, special robots, such as automobiles, machinery, electronics, dangerous goods manufacturing, defense military, chemical industry, light industry, and service robots such as health care, home services, education and entertainment, actively develop new products to promote robot standardization and modules Development and expand market applications. Break through technical bottlenecks such as robot parts, reducers, servo motors, controllers, sensors and drives and other key components and system integration design and manufacturing.
Aviation equipment. Accelerate the development of large aircraft, start the development of wide-body passenger aircraft in a timely manner, encourage international cooperation in the development of heavy-duty helicopters, and promote the industrialization of trunk and regional aircraft, helicopters, drones, and general aircraft. Breakthrough in high thrust-to-weight ratio, advanced turboprop (shaft) engines and turboduct engines with large bypass ratios, and establish an independent industrial development engine system. Develop advanced airborne equipment and systems to form an independent and complete aviation industry chain.
Aerospace equipment. Develop a new generation of launch vehicles and heavy-duty vehicles to improve their ability to enter space. Accelerate the construction of national civil space infrastructure, develop new space platforms such as satellites and payloads, and air-space broadband Internet systems to form a long-term and stable space information service capability such as satellite remote sensing, communications, and navigation. Promote manned spaceflight and lunar exploration projects, and moderately develop deep space exploration. Promote the transformation of space technology and the application of space technology.
4. Offshore engineering equipment and high-tech ships
Vigorously develop deep-sea exploration, resource development and utilization, marine operation support equipment and its key systems and special equipment. Promote the development and engineering of deep-sea space stations and large floating structures. Form comprehensive marine engineering equipment testing, detection and identification capabilities, and improve the level of marine development and utilization. Breakthrough in the design and construction technology of luxury cruise ships, comprehensively improve the international competitiveness of high-tech ships such as liquefied natural gas ships, and master the core technologies of integrated, intelligent, modular design and manufacturing of key supporting equipment.
5.Advanced rail transportation equipment
Accelerate the application of new materials, new technologies and new processes, focus on breakthroughs in systemic security, energy conservation and environmental protection, digital intelligent network technology, and develop advanced, reliable and applicable products and lightweight, modular, and pedigree products. Develop a new generation of green intelligent, high-speed and heavy-load rail transportation equipment systems, provide users with overall solutions around the entire life cycle of the system, and establish a world-leading modern rail transportation industry system.
6. Energy saving and new energy vehicles
Continue to support the development of electric vehicles and fuel cell vehicles, master the core technologies of low-carbon, informatization, and intelligent vehicles, and improve the engineering and industry of core technologies such as power batteries, drive motors, high-efficiency internal combustion engines, advanced transmissions, lightweight materials, and intelligent control. To build a complete industrial system and innovation system from key components to complete vehicles, and promote the integration of independent brand energy saving and new energy vehicles with international advanced levels.
7. Power equipment
Promote the industrialization and demonstration application of large-scale high-efficiency ultra-clean emission coal-fired generating units, and further improve the manufacturing level of ultra-large-capacity hydropower units, nuclear power units, and heavy gas turbines. Promote the development of new and renewable energy equipment, advanced energy storage devices, power transmission and transformation for smart grids, and user-side equipment. It breaks through the manufacturing and application technologies of high-power power electronic devices, high-temperature superconducting materials and other key components and materials to form industrialization capabilities.
8. Agricultural equipment
Focus on the development of advanced agricultural machinery and equipment used in major production processes such as grain, cotton, oil, sugar and strategic cash crops, cultivation, cultivation, planting, management, harvesting, transportation, storage, etc., and accelerate the development of large tractors and their double-operated machinery, Large high-efficiency combine harvesters and other high-end agricultural equipment and key core components. Improve agricultural machinery equipment information collection, intelligent decision-making, and accurate operation capabilities, and promote the formation of an overall information-oriented solution for agricultural production.
Focus on the development of special metal functional materials, high-performance structural materials, functional polymer materials, special inorganic non-metal materials and advanced composite materials, and accelerate the development of new materials such as advanced melting, solidification molding, vapor deposition, profile processing, and efficient synthesis. Key technologies and equipment, strengthen basic research and system construction, and break through the bottleneck of industrial preparation. Actively develop special new materials shared by the military and civilians, speed up the two-way transfer and transformation of technology, and promote the integration of military and civilians in the new materials industry. Pay close attention to the impact of disruptive new materials on traditional materials, and plan and develop advanced cutting-edge materials such as superconducting materials, nanomaterials, graphene, and bio-based materials in advance. Accelerate the upgrading of basic materials.
10.Biomedicine and high-performance medical devices
Develop new products of chemical drugs, traditional Chinese medicine and biotechnology drugs for major diseases, including new mechanisms and new target chemicals, antibody drugs, antibody-conjugated drugs, new structural protein and peptide drugs, new vaccines, and innovations with outstanding clinical advantages Chinese medicine and personalized medicine. Improve the innovation ability and industrialization level of medical equipment, focus on the development of high-performance diagnostic equipment such as imaging equipment, medical robots, high-value medical consumables such as fully degradable vascular stents, wearable, remote diagnostic and other mobile medical products. The breakthrough and application of new technologies such as biological 3D printing and induced pluripotent stem cells.
Note: Article source is from "Made in China 2025 Baidu Encyclopedia"
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