Made in China 2025 is the first ten year action program for the Chinese government to implement the strategy of building a strong country through manufacturing.
Made in China 2025 proposes to adhere to the basic principles of "innovation drives quality first, green development, structural optimization, and talent first", adhere to the basic principles of "market leadership, government guidance, based on the current, long-term perspective, overall promotion, key breakthroughs, independent development, open cooperation", and achieve the strategic goal of manufacturing power through "three steps": the first step, to become a manufacturing power by 2025 the second step, By 2035, China's manufacturing industry as a whole will reach the middle level of the world's manufacturing powerhouse camp. The third step is to enter the forefront of the world's manufacturing powerhouse in terms of comprehensive strength by the 100th year of the founding of the People's Republic of China.
Focusing on the strategic goal of becoming a manufacturing power, Made in China 2025 defines 9 strategic tasks and priorities, and proposes 8 strategic supports and guarantees.
On April 6, 2016, Premier Li Keqiang chaired an executive meeting of the State Council, at which the Equipment Manufacturing Industry Standardization and Quality Improvement Plan was adopted, requiring the docking of "Made in China 2025". On July 19, the executive meeting of the State Council deployed to create a "Made in China 2025 National Demonstration Area. Experts pointed out that" Made in China 2025 "was raised to the national level, an upgrade from the previous urban pilot.
Notice of the State Council on Printing and Distributing Made in China 2025
The overall structure of "1234550":
One is the goal of transforming from a manufacturing powerhouse to a manufacturing powerhouse, ultimately achieving a manufacturing powerhouse.
The second goal is to achieve this through the integration and development of industrialization and industrialization. The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed the deep integration of informatization and industrialization to lead and drive the development of the entire manufacturing industry, which is also a commanding point that China's manufacturing industry needs to occupy.
The "three" strategy is to achieve the goal of transforming China from a manufacturing powerhouse to a manufacturing powerhouse in approximately ten years per step.
The 'four' refers to the determination of the four principles. The first principle is market leadership and government guidance. The second principle is to focus on both the current and long-term perspectives. The third principle is comprehensive promotion and key breakthroughs. The fourth principle is independent development and win-win cooperation.
Five five "means there are two" five ". The first is to have five policies, namely innovation driven, quality first, green development, structural optimization, and talent oriented. Another 'Five' is to implement five major projects, including the construction of manufacturing innovation centers, the strengthening of basic engineering, intelligent manufacturing engineering, green manufacturing engineering, and high-end equipment innovation engineering.
The "Ten" refers to the ten major fields, including the new generation information technology industry, high-end CNC machine tools and robots, aerospace equipment, ocean engineering equipment and high-tech ships, advanced rail transit equipment, energy-saving and new energy vehicles, electrical equipment, agricultural machinery equipment, new materials, biopharmaceuticals, and high-performance medical devices.
One main line
"Made in China 2025" focuses on digital networked intelligent manufacturing that reflects the deep integration of information technology and manufacturing technology.
Four major transformations
One is the transformation from factor driven to innovation driven; The second is to shift from a low-cost competitive advantage to a quality and efficiency competitive advantage; Thirdly, there is a shift from extensive manufacturing with high resource consumption and high pollutant emissions to green manufacturing; The fourth is the transformation from production-oriented manufacturing to service-oriented manufacturing.
Five major projects
One is the construction project of the Manufacturing Innovation Center (Industrial Technology Research Base); The second is intelligent manufacturing engineering; The third is industrial foundation engineering; The fourth is green manufacturing engineering; Fifth, new projects for high-end equipment.
1. Improve the innovation capacity of the national manufacturing industry
2. Promote the deep integration of informatization and industrialization
3. Strengthen industrial basic capabilities
4. Strengthen quality brand building
5. Fully promote green manufacturing
6. Vigorously promote breakthroughs and development in key areas
7. Deeply promote the structural adjustment of the manufacturing industry
8. Actively develop service-oriented manufacturing and productive service industries
9. Improve the internationalization development level of the manufacturing industry
Ten major fields
1. The new generation of information technology industry
Integrated circuits and specialized equipment. We will strive to improve the level of integrated circuit design, constantly enrich intellectual property (IP) and design tools, break through the core universal chips related to national information and network security and the development of electronic complete machine industry, and improve the application adaptability of domestic chips. Master high-density packaging and three-dimensional (3D) micro assembly technology to enhance the independent development ability of the packaging industry and testing. Develop the supply capacity of key manufacturing equipment.
Information and communication equipment. Master core technologies such as new computing, high-speed interconnection, advanced storage, and systematic security assurance, comprehensively break through the fifth generation mobile communication (5G) technology, core routing and switching technology, ultra high speed and large capacity intelligent optical transmission technology, and "future network" core technology and architecture, and actively promote the development of quantum computing, neural networks, and other fields. Develop high-end servers, high-capacity storage, new routing and switching, new intelligent terminals, new generation base stations, network security and other equipment, and promote the systematic development and large-scale application of core information and communication equipment.
Operating system and industrial software. Develop industrial basic software such as security domain operating systems. Break through the core technologies of high-end industrial software such as intelligent design and simulation tools, manufacturing IoT and services, and industrial big data processing, develop independently controllable high-end industrial platform software and key field application software, and establish and improve industrial software integration standards and security evaluation systems. Promote the systematic development and industrial application of independent industrial software.
2. High end CNC machine tools and robots
High grade CNC machine tools. Develop a batch of precision, high-speed, efficient, and flexible CNC machine tools, basic manufacturing equipment, and integrated manufacturing systems. Accelerate the research and development of cutting-edge technologies and equipment such as high-end CNC machine tools and additive manufacturing. Focusing on improving reliability and accuracy retention, we will develop high-end CNC systems, servo motors, bearings, gratings, and other major functional components and key application software to accelerate industrialization. Strengthen the construction of user process validation capabilities.
robot. Actively research and develop new products to promote the standardization and modular development of robots and expand market applications, focusing on the application needs of industrial robots and special robots in automobiles, machinery, electronics, dangerous goods manufacturing, national defense and military industry, chemical industry, light industry, and other industries, as well as service robots in healthcare, home services, education and entertainment. Breaking through the technical bottlenecks of key components and system integration design and manufacturing such as robot bodies, reducers, servo motors, controllers, sensors and drivers.
3. Aerospace equipment
Aviation equipment. Accelerate the development of large aircraft, timely launch the development of wide body passenger aircraft, and encourage international cooperation in the development of heavy helicopters; Promote the industrialization of mainline and regional aircraft, helicopters, drones, and general aircraft. Break through the technology of high thrust to weight ratio, advanced turboprop (shaft) engines, and large bypass ratio turbofan engines, and establish an independent industrial system for engine development. Develop advanced airborne equipment and systems to form an independent and complete aviation industry chain.
Aerospace equipment. Develop a new generation of launch vehicles and heavy-duty vehicles to enhance their ability to enter space. Accelerate the construction of national civil space infrastructure, develop new types of space platforms such as satellites, payloads, and broadband internet systems for space, space, and space, and form long-term and stable capabilities for satellite remote sensing, communication, navigation, and other spatial information services. Promote manned spaceflight and lunar exploration projects, and moderately develop deep space exploration. Promote the transformation of space technology and the application of space technology.
4. Ocean engineering equipment and high-tech ships
Vigorously develop deep-sea exploration, resource development and utilization, and marine operation support equipment, as well as key systems and specialized equipment. Promote the development and engineering of deep-sea space stations and large floating structures. Develop comprehensive testing, testing, and appraisal capabilities for marine engineering equipment, and improve the level of marine development and utilization. Breaking through the design and construction technology of luxury cruise ships, comprehensively enhancing the international competitiveness of high-tech ships such as liquefied natural gas ships, and mastering the core technology of integrated, intelligent, and modular design and manufacturing of key supporting equipment.
5. Advanced Rail Transit Equipment
Accelerate the application of new materials, technologies, and processes, with a focus on breakthroughs in systematic safety assurance, energy conservation and environmental protection, and digital intelligent networking technology. Develop advanced, reliable, and applicable products, as well as lightweight, modular, and genealogical products. Develop a new generation of green intelligent, high-speed and heavy-duty rail transit equipment system, provide overall solutions to users around the entire life cycle of the system, and establish a world leading modern rail transit industry system.
6. Energy conservation and new energy vehicles
Continue to support the development of electric vehicles and fuel cell vehicles, master the core technologies of low-carbon, informatization, and intelligence in automobiles, enhance the engineering and industrialization capabilities of core technologies such as power batteries, drive motors, high-efficiency internal combustion engines, advanced transmissions, lightweight materials, and intelligent control, and form a complete industrial and innovative system from key components to the entire vehicle, Promote the integration of independent brand energy-saving and new energy vehicles with international advanced levels.
7. Electric equipment
Promote the industrialization and demonstration application of large-scale high-efficiency and ultra-clean emission coal-fired power units, and further improve the manufacturing level of ultra large capacity hydropower units, nuclear power units, and heavy-duty gas turbines. Promote the development of new and renewable energy equipment, advanced energy storage devices, power transmission and transformation for smart grids, and user end equipment. Breaking through the manufacturing and application technologies of key components and materials such as high-power power electronic devices and high-temperature superconducting materials, and forming industrial capabilities.
8. Agricultural machinery equipment
Focus on the development of advanced agricultural machinery and equipment used in the main production processes of grain, cotton, oil, sugar and other staple grains and strategic cash crop, such as cultivation, cultivation, planting, management, harvesting, transportation, and storage, and accelerate the development of high-end agricultural equipment and key core parts such as large tractors and their multiple working machines, large and efficient combine harvester. Improve the ability of information collection, intelligent decision-making, and precise operation of agricultural machinery and equipment, and promote the formation of an overall information-based solution for agricultural production.
9. New materials
We will focus on the development of special metal functional materials, high-performance structural materials, functional polymer materials, special inorganic non-metallic materials, and advanced composite materials, accelerate the research and development of key technologies and equipment for the preparation of new materials such as advanced melting, solidification molding, vapor deposition, profile processing, and efficient synthesis, strengthen basic research and system construction, and break through the bottleneck of industrial preparation. Actively developing military civilian shared special new materials, accelerating the bidirectional transfer and transformation of technology, and promoting the integration of military civilian development in the new material industry. Pay high attention to the impact of disruptive new materials on traditional materials, and advance the layout and development of strategic cutting-edge materials such as superconducting materials, nanomaterials, graphene, and bio based materials. Accelerate the upgrading and replacement of basic materials.
10. Biomedical and high-performance medical devices
Develop new products for chemical drugs, traditional Chinese medicine, and biotechnology drugs targeting major diseases, with a focus on new mechanisms and target chemicals, antibody drugs, antibody conjugated drugs, novel structural protein and peptide drugs, new vaccines, innovative traditional Chinese medicine with outstanding clinical advantages, and personalized treatment drugs. Improve the innovation ability and industrialization level of medical devices, with a focus on developing high-performance diagnostic and treatment equipment such as imaging equipment and medical robots, high-value medical consumables such as fully degradable vascular stents, and mobile medical products such as wearable and remote diagnosis and treatment. Achieve breakthroughs and applications in new technologies such as biological 3D printing and induction of pluripotent stem cells.
Note: The source of the article is from Baidu Baike Encyclopedia, Made in China 2025